Other pages in this section

2017 Nature and Health Symposium

2017 Nature and Health Symposium

This one-day symposium, held October 26, 2017 at the University of Washington, Seattle, brought together professionals and community leaders to explore common goals and collective strategies related to the human health benefits of being in nature, from gardens to wild lands. We learned about the latest innovations in research, policy, and practice; discussed common challenges; and identified shared opportunities to collectively, and equitably, expand the potential of nature to improve our health. See our letter to the editor in the Seattle Times highlighting the symposium and lessons learned.

This symposium was part of the Northwest Environmental Forum series. To find out about more events like this one, join our mailing list.


“Every event like this is important for what lies ahead. We all have our place in setting the agenda for the future.”

At the intersection of contemporary thinking in healthcare, education, planning, and conservation is a growing recognition that human well-being is interdependent with the natural world: in addition to food, medicine and materials, our mental, physical, social and spiritual health improves by spending time in the calming wonder of natural places.

Click on the links next to sessions to watch slides alongside video, where available.


Coast Salish Welcome

Larry Campbell, Sr. Wanaseah | Swinomish Indian Tribal Community

Welcome from the UW Center for Creative Conservation

Josh Lawler | UW Center for Creative Conservation

The Nature Revolution The power and possibility of nature empowering healthy communities

Martin LeBlanc | Sixkiller Consulting


Nature on our Mind Measuring the effects of nature experiences on mental and physical health, with implications for urban planning and public policy | video

Greg Bratman | UW School of Environmental and Forest Sciences

Indigenous Health Indicators: Nature → Culture → Health Unique perspectives on health meanings and priorities from an Indigenous Coast Salish Community | video | slides

Larry Campbell, Sr. Wanaseah | Swinomish Indian Tribal Community

Jamie Donatuto, PhD | Swinomish Indian Tribal Community

 Offering Nature Where Nature is Not Weaving the missing threads of the nature-deprived into the tapestry of nature and human health | video

Nalini M. Nadkarni | Department of Biology, University of Utah | slides-1 | slides-2



Art, Culture, and Kioskos Placemaking strategies for community health in the Wenatchee Valley | slides

Cary Simmons | The Trust for Public Land

Growing Partnerships to Grow Gardens Finding space and offering advice for immigrant and refugee communities to grow safe and healthy food in their new cool, maritime climate | slides

Laura E. Matter | Tilth Alliance

Mending the Wounds A green oasis offers respite from trauma for veterans and their families | slides

Daniel Winterbottom | University of Washington | video


Exploring Health in Outdoor Education The Oregon Health & Outdoors Initiative’s guidelines for integrating health in outdoor education | slides

Emily Henke, MPH | Oregon Health & Outdoors Initiative

Parkscriptions Partnering with health care providers to get more people outdoors | slides

April Claxton | Recreation Northwest, Parkscription Program

Moving Naturally Together Stories about LatinXplorers and how friendships and fostering social connections are vital to well-being | slides

Leticia Valle | Blue Zones Project The Dalles


Pediatrician’s Nature Project Engaging children and their families in nature activities through pediatric offices and childcare providers | slides

Edgar K Marcuse MD, MPH, FAAP | BestStart Washington

Change and Transformation in the Forest Grove Cultivating self-regulation and executive functioning in the outdoor classroom setting

Kit Harrington | Fiddleheads Forest School, UW Botanic Gardens | slides

How to Make a City Affordable for Families Outdoor preschools provide affordable access to a quality education for the lowest income families | slides

Andrew A. Jay | Tiny Trees Preschool


Jesús Aguirre | Seattle Parks and Recreation

Sally Jewell | Former U.S. Secretary of Interior & former CEO, REI

Terry Williams | Tulalip Tribes, Northwest Straits Commission

Philip Wu, MD | Kaiser Permanente, Northwest Health Foundation

Ashley Ahearn (moderator) | KUOW


Workshop presented by the UW Green Futures Research & Design Lab and Urban@UW. We began with an overview of environmental design processes originally used for the conference venue, then headed out to explore the design of the buildings and grounds at the Center for Urban Horticulture, and reconvened to share ideas for designing for nature and health. See results from breakout groups here.

Designing Nature Relationships A short story of planning and design for the Union Bay Arboretum and the Center for Urban Horticulture

Nancy D. Rottle, RLA, FASLA | UW Landscape Architecture


Liz Baxter, MPH | North Sound Accountable Communities of Health

Bobby Cochran | Willamette Partnership

Lisa Graumlich | UW College of the Environment

Paulina Lopez | Duwamish River Cleanup Coalition

Sean M. Watts (moderator) | Seattle Parks Foundation


Marc Berejka | Recreational Equipment, Inc. | video | slides


Bird Walk | led by Constance Sidles, Seattle Audubon

Ethnobotany Walk | led by Joyce LeCompte, UW Program on the Environment

Health Metrics Walk | led by Amber Fyfe-Johnson, ND, PhD, UW Medicine

Parkscription Walk | led by April Claxton, Recreation Northwest


Sally Jewell | Former U.S. Secretary of Interior & former CEO, REI


“Everyone was blown away by what was presented and also the intersecting lines of the various people & institutions – a tapestry!”

Larry Campbell, Sr. Wanaseah | Swinomish Community Health Specialist, Swinomish Indian Tribal Community | Larry is the Community Health Specialist in the Swinomish Community Environmental Health Program, and a distinguished Swinomish tribal elder. For more than 30 years, Larry has been involved with Swinomish governmental duties in cultural resources, governmental committees, intergovernmental affairs, public relations, community development, spiritual traditions and cultural activities. The greater part of Larry’s work has involved building and maintaining the interrelationships between tribal, local, regional, national, and international jurisdictions. He currently co-manages the Swinomish Community Environmental Health Program with long-time colleague Dr. Jamie Donatuto. Together, Larry and Jamie created and implemented a set of Indigenous-specific indicators of health called the Indigenous Health Indicators. He is an experienced public speaker on cultural, spiritual and historical issues, and is an active member of the traditional smokehouse.
Josh Lawler | Professor, UW School of Environmental and Forest Sciences, and Co-Director, UW Center for Creative Conservation | Josh is a landscape ecologist and conservation biologist focused on applied conservation questions and their real-world applications. He is most interested in how anthropogenic factors affect species distributions, population dynamics, and community composition at regional and continental scales. His research involves investigating the effects of climate change on species distributions and populations, exploring the influence of landscape pattern on animal populations and communities, and climate-change adaptation for natural and human systems. Some of his current work has begun to involve the field of conservation psychology—exploring how people make environmental decisions and what psychological benefits people gain from nature.
Martin LeBlanc | Managing Director of Innovation, Sixkiller Consulting | Martin has been an active influence in the environmental movement for the past 20+ years, serving in roles such as: the Senior VP at Islandwood, Founding Board Member and now Senior Advisor to the Children and Nature Network inspired by Richard Louv, and former National Youth Director of the Sierra Club. He is currently the Managing Director of Innovation for Sixkiller Consulting, a national strategic advisory, government affairs, and business development consulting firm.
Greg Bratman | Assistant Professor of Nature, Health, and Recreation, UW School of Environmental and Forest Sciences | My work takes place at the nexus of psychology, public health, and ecology, and is focused on investigating the ways in the environment is associated with human well-being. I take both empirical and theoretical approaches to understanding the ways in which nature experience impacts human mental well-being, specifically cognitive function, mood, and emotion regulation, with an emphasis on people living in urban environments.
Larry Campbell, Sr. Wanaseah (see above)
Jamie Donatuto | Swinomish Community Environmental Health Analyst, Swinomish Indian Tribal Community | Dr. Jamie Donatuto is a Community Environmental Health Analyst for the Swinomish Indian Tribal Community, located in the beautiful Salish Sea in the Pacific Northwest of the United States. For 17 years, Jamie has been enacting investigations on behalf of the Tribe, including researching toxics in local traditional foods, tribal health-related impacts from climate change, launching an environmental health education program, and developing community-based indigenous health indicators. The Indigenous Health Indicators project is a collaborative effort with long-time colleague Swinomish elder, Larry Campbell. Jamie and Larry most recently launched the Swinomish Community Environmental Health Program and they work extensively with community education and outreach projects. Dr. Donatuto completed her doctoral studies at the University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada, in the interdisciplinary graduate program of Resource Management and Environmental Studies.
Nalini M. Nadkarni | Professor, Department of Biology, University of Utah | Dr. Nadkarni, a professor of Biology at the University of Utah, began her studies of rainforest canopy organisms and interactions when she received her PhD from the UW College of Forest Resources. She has published over 130 scientific papers and three scholarly books on tropical and temperate canopy studies, supported by the National Science Foundation and the National Geographic Society. She has innovated science engagement and conservation programs for non-traditional public audiences such as faith-based groups, urban youth, legislators, and the incarcerated. Nalini’s collaborations with artists, rap singers, and dancers have also raised awareness of the importance of nature to humans. Her national awards to bring conservation projects to prisoners include the AAAS Award for Public Engagement, Archie Carr Medal for Conservation, and the William Julius Wilson Award for Achievement in Social Justice.
Cary Simmons | Northwest Program Director, The Trust for Public Land | Cary leads The Trust for Public Land’s Northwest Parks for People program. He grew up on a 4th generation family farm in the Mississippi Delta and before joining the Trust for Public Land, worked in landscape architecture and outdoor job skills training for ex-offenders. His work at TPL focuses on opportunities to use parks and open space as a strategy to improve population health in places where a lack of access to the benefits of nature contributes to broader disparities.
Laura E. Matter | Garden Hotline Program Manager, Tilth Alliance | I have been a practicing horticulturist in the Pacific Northwest for the past 40 years with a B.A. in Botany from the University of Washington. I specialize in native plantings, wildlife habitat and edible gardens. As the Garden Hotline program manager at Tilth Alliance I reach out to communities in King County who will benefit from access to safe and healthy food to offer our free workshops and advice on gardening in the northwest.
Daniel Winterbottom | Professor, UW Department of Landscape Architecture, College of Built Environments | Professor Daniel Winterbottom, RLA, FASLA developed a design/build program, that provides therapeutic environments for those struggling with traumatic experiences and mental health issues. He incorporates a participatory design process in these service-learning projects to create responsive design solutions for communities in need. His co-authored Healing Gardens in 2015 and his awards include the CELA Outstanding Educator award, 2007, the University of Washington S. Sterling Munro Public Service Teaching Award, ASLA Honor Award for Community Service 2007, ALSA Honor Awards for Community Service 207, 2011 and 2013, EDRA/Places Great Places Award, 2010.
Emily Henke, MPH | Project Manager, Oregon Health & Outdoors Initiative | Emily has managed the Oregon Health & Outdoors Initiative for the last two years. Her background is in health system transformation, and with the Initiative she supports organizational partners, community leaders, and non-health sector leaders act on the connection between health and time outdoors.
April Claxton | Co-Executive Director, Recreation Northwest, Parkscription Program | April is co-founder and co-Executive Director for Recreation Northwest. She has a passion for place and loves exploring, experiencing and sharing the beauty of the pacific northwest. Recreation Northwest is three months into a pilot Parkscriptions program based on the work Dr. Zarr and the Park Rx American team have launched in Washington DC. Learn how this coalition of health practitioners, land managers and program providers are coming together to get more people outdoors to experience the health benefits of time spent in nature.
Leticia Valle | Community Program Manager, Blue Zones Project The Dalles | Leticia Valle is the Community Program Manager for the Blue Zones Project The Dalles. Leticia was born and raised in the Columbia River Gorge area and is currently a LatinXplorers hike leader. Leticia Valle is the Community Program Manager for the Blue Zones Project The Dalles. Leticia was born and raised in the Columbia River Gorge area and is currently a LatinXplorers hike leader. Leticia received her Bachelor degree from the University of Hawai’i at Manoa. She is also a certified Community Health Worker in the state of Oregon. She is a board member of the Columbia Gorge Health Council and currently serves as Secretary for the Hood River Public Transportation Board. Leticia is a volunteer disc jockey and radio host for her show ‘Conectados con Leti Valle – edicion Blue Zones Project’ on Radio Tierra KZAS. When not working or volunteering, Leticia enjoys spending time outdoors with her friends, her family and her son, Andres.
Edgar K Marcuse MD, MPH, FAAP | Emeritus Professor, UW Pediatrics, and Co-Founder, BestStart Washington | Core belief: engagement with nature benefits physical, intellectual and emotional development of children and can help to frame their view of the world and their place in it. Retired after 45 years as an academic general pediatrician at Seattle Childrens. Co Founder of BestStart Washington.
Kit Harrington | Director, Fiddleheads Forest School, University of Washington Botanic Gardens | Kit Harrington is the Director of the Seattle’s first entirely outdoor preschool, the Fiddleheads Forest School. Fiddleheads began pioneering the urban outdoor preschool model in Seattle in 2013, and has since become a standard bearer for excellence in outdoor early childhood education. In 2015, Kit founded the Washington Nature Preschool Association to support the regional growth of nature-based early childhood education. Kit is a member of the leadership team for the Council on Nature and Forest Preschools and is currently participating in the development of the first licensing regulations for outdoor preschools in North America.
Andrew A. Jay | Chief Executive Officer, Tiny Trees Preschool | A non-profit professional with 15 years of education experience, Andrew helps hundreds of children a day access a quality education, and enjoy a vibrant, nature-rich childhood. Tiny Trees has 7 outdoor preschools in the Greater Seattle area. More at TinyTrees.org.
Ashley Ahearn | Host of terrestrial, KUOW/NPR | Ashley Ahearn is the host of terrestrial, a new national podcast on the environment, produced out of KUOW in Seattle. Ashley brings more than a decade of experience covering the environment at the local and national level. Her stories have appeared on Marketplace, Morning Edition, Here and Now, The World and other NPR shows. She holds a masters in science journalism from the Annenberg School at the University of Southern California. In her spare time you’ll find her hiking in the Olympics and Cascades or riding her motorcycle. Check out terrestrial at: http://kuow.org/terrestrial
Jesús Aguirre | Superintendent, Seattle Parks & Recreation | Jesús Aguirre is superintendent of Seattle Parks and Recreation and serves on the boards of the National Recreation and Parks Association and the Children and Nature Network. Previously, he was the agency director for the District of Columbia Department of Parks and Recreation, as well as the state superintendent of education for the District of Columbia. He has a master’s degree from Arizona State University and a bachelor’s degree in biology/pre-med from the University of Texas at Austin. Aguirre is a proud father of three children.
Sally Jewell | 51st United States Secretary of the Interior | Sally Jewell was the 51st United States Secretary of the Interior, serving in the administration of President Barack Obama. As Secretary, she oversaw national parks, wildlife refuges, relationships with indigenous communities, conservation and resource development public lands and waters, science through United States Geological Survey, and water management in the West. Prior to Interior, Jewell served as president and CEO of REI. She was named Distinguished Fellow in the UW College of the Environment in 2017 and previously served over 11 years as UW Regent. While working in the private sector, Jewell became known for her involvement in conservation and environmental protection efforts, receiving numerous awards for her service, such as the National Audubon Society’s Rachel Carson Award, the Land for People Award from the Trust for Public Land, and the Woodrow Wilson Award for Public Service. Locally, she was named to the Mountains to Sound Greenway Trust’s Hall of Fame for her 21 years of leadership in conservation, and receiving King County’s Green Globe Award for environmental stewardship. The University of Washington honored Jewell with its 2016 Alumna Summa Laude Dignata Award.
Terry Williams | Commissioner, Tulalip Tribes Treaty Rights Office | Since 1982, Terry Williams has worked on behalf of the Tulalip Tribes negotiating, planning and management of salmon and their habitat needs for abundant, harvestable populations. He has been appointed to commissions and committees and participated in local, regional, national and international processes, always to further protection and recovery of treaty trust resources and the ecosystems needed to support and sustain tribal culture. In 2000, Terry worked with Maori, Australian Aboriginals and Pacific Islanders to assess sea level rise and their information needs. Tulalip conducted the first climate assessment in western Washington completing a hydrologic assessment of the Snohomish River in 2001 and in 2005, began assessing the uplands, nearshore, and marine waters of the Snohomish Basin for impacts from climate change. The sea level rise assessment for Tulalip and Snohomish County was completed in 2017. In 2011, Terry helped convene a Blue Ribbon Panel on Ocean Acidification that led to the establishment of the Washington Ocean Acidification Center at the Univ. of Washington. In 2016, Tulalip Tribes also hosted three climate forums: 1) Making Sense of Sea Level Rise; 2) Tribal Leaders Climate Summit; and 3) Coastal Squeeze.
Philip Wu, MD | Physician Consultant, Community Benefit, Kaiser Permanente Northwest Region | Philip Wu, MD is a pediatrician and member of the Community Benefit team at Kaiser Permanente Northwest. After retiring from a 33-year clinical practice, Dr. Wu now works to promote healthy, equitable communities through policy advocacy, program and system changes within the framework of the “social determinants of health.” He serves on several community boards including the Northwest Health Foundation, Oregon Oral Health Coalition, Outside In, The Intertwine Alliance, and Community Cycling Center. Dr. Wu has an interest in transportation as a “social determinant” and has participated on the transportation committee of the Westside Economic Alliance, the Washington County Transportation Futures Study project, and ODOT’s Transportation Options Policy Advisory Committee. He recently concluded two years of service on Metro’s Equity Strategy Advisory Committee. Dr. Wu and his partner enjoy walking, hiking, and simply being in nature.
Nancy D. Rottle, RLA, FASLA | Professor, UW Department of Landscape Architecture, and Director, UW Green Futures Research and Design Lab | Nancy Rottle, PLA, FASLA, is a Professor at the University of Washington where she has served on the Landscape Architecture faculty since 2001 and is the founding director of the UW Green Futures Research and Design Lab. A licensed landscape architect, over her 30 years of professional experience Nancy has designed and led numerous award-winning projects, including the Cedar River Watershed Education Center and the Regional Open Space Strategy for Central Puget Sound. Her research and design projects focus on design for and with water in the built landscape; promotion of positive human-nature-health relationships through the built environment; climate change mitigation and adaptation; biodiversity planning related to urbanization; and participatory design for parks and community public space. She is the co-author of Basics Landscape Architecture: Ecological Design, vice-chair of the edited volume, Green Infrastructure Implementation, and is currently authoring The Art of Sustainable Stormwater.
Sean M. Watts | Director of Community Partnerships, Seattle Parks Foundation | Sean M. Watts has spent his career seeking environmental solutions that yield the greatest human and ecological benefits. He is currently Director of Community Partnerships for the Seattle Parks Foundation, where he acts as a policy liaison and advocate for resident-led groups enhancing open space in Seattle. He has worked to bridge gaps between science, policy and society as faculty at Santa Clara University; as an AAAS Science & Technology Policy Fellow at the National Science Foundation; as director of the University of Washington, Doris Duke Conservation Scholars Program and as an independent consultant on diversity, equity and inclusion in the environmental movement. Sean is a native of Alexandria, VA; received his BA in Biology from the University of Virginia; and PhD in Ecology from the University of California, Santa Barbara.
Liz Baxter, MPH | Executive Director, North Sound Accountable Communities of Health | Liz leads the North Sound Accountable Community of Health, part of Washington State’s broad initiative to improve health. The North Sound encompasses Snohomish, Skagit, Island, San Juan and Whatcom Counties. Liz has spent her career in executive positions that build bridges between complex policy discussions and the public’s ability to understand and weigh in on these issues, acting as a “translator” of technical knowledge for those who don’t live inside the policy world, bridging information between community members and decision makers.
Bobby Cochran | Executive Director, Willamette Partnership, and Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Culture of Health Leader | The Willamette Partnership is a leading conservation nonprofit enhancing the pace, scope, and effectiveness of conservation in the West. Bobby is helping make the business case for why Medicaid might pay for trees, and similarly, how environmental sectors can act more like public health providers.
Lisa Graumlich | Dean & Professor, UW College of the Environment | Dean Lisa J. Graumlich, Mary Laird Wood Professor, is the inaugural dean of the College of the Environment at the University of Washington. As dean, she leads a College with unparalleled depth and breadth in environmental systems: from the forests to the seas and from the depths of the earth to the edges of the solar system. As a scholar, Graumlich pioneered the use of tree-ring data to understand long-term trends in climate, focusing on the mountains of western North America. Graumlich has served as a faculty member at University of California-Los Angeles, the director of the University of Arizona’s Institute for the Study of Planet Earth and Montana State University’s Mountain Research Center, as well as executive director of their Big Sky Institute. She received her B.S. in Botany and M.S. in Geography from the University of Wisconsin-Madison, and her Ph.D. in Forest Resources from the University of Washington. She was named an Aldo Leopold Leadership Fellow in 1999 and was elected as Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) in 2004. In 2017, she was elected to the American Geophysical Union’s Board of Directors.
Paulina Lopez | Community Engagement Manager, Duwamish River Cleanup Coalition/TAG | Paulina Lopez-Peters is a full-time volunteer, organizer, advocate, and the mother of three boys under the age of ten. She originally comes from Ecuador, but has made Seattle her home over the past 14 years. Paulina demonstrates engagement in this community in the advocacy of multiple important civic policies in this area including access to a safe, clean environment for our families. Presently, she works for the Duwamish River Clean-up Coalition/TAG as the Community Engagement Manager where she oversees the Duwamish Valley Youth Corps Program. For the last 10 years she served as a volunteer President of the South Park Information and Resource Center, a grassroots community organization which endeavors to foster civic engagement in recent immigrant, with special focus on woman. Paulina has labored extensively to promote local social and environmental justice issues uniquely affecting our recent immigrant communities such as the Clean Up of the Duwamish River as well as Health Impact Assessments. Paulina has a passion for outreach and community involvement for underrepresented communities on issues that affect them as well the advocacy for human rights issues.
Marc Berejka | Director, Government & Community Affairs, Recreational Equipment, Inc. | Marc Berejka has served as REI’s government affairs director since 2011 and its director of community affairs since early 2013. REI is a national outdoor retail cooperative with over 16 million members and annual sales exceeding $2.5 billion. The co-op’s mission is to “inspire, educate and outfit people for a lifetime of outdoor adventure and stewardship.” In the policy realm, Mr. Berejka guides the co-op’s engagement in federal, state and local issues. This includes efforts to assure REI’s current and future members can continue to enjoy outdoor recreation – whether that be recreating close to home or at the nation’s many iconic destinations. It also includes advocacy on matters that affect retailers, such as main-street business regulation, Internet sales and international trade. Mr. Berejka also oversees the co-op’s community grants program. Most recently, the program distributed more than $9 million to over 300 local, regional and national organizations that help sustain and promote the country’s inspiring places to recreate. Before joining REI, Mr. Berejka served as technology policy advisor to then-Secretary Gary Locke at the US Department of Commerce. Prior to that, he worked for 12 years in various public policy roles at Microsoft, both in Washington D.C. and in Washington State. He spent the first part of his career as a telecommunications attorney. He holds a J.D. from Georgetown University and a B.A. from Princeton University.
Constance Sidles | Master Birder and Chair, Seattle Audubon’s Conservation Committee | Constance Sidles is a Seattle Audubon Society Master Birder who has birded Montlake Fill (aka Union Bay Natural Area) for more than 30 years.Montlake Fill used to be the Seattle dump, and now it is a world-famous natural area. Connie birds there nearly every day and would live there if she could.
April Claxton (see above)
Amber Fyfe-Johnson, ND, PhD | Assistant Research Professor, Initiative for Research and Education to Advance Community Health (IREACH), College of Medicine, Washington State University | Dr. Fyfe-Johnson is a naturopathic physician and an epidemiologist. She received her BA from Whitman College, her ND from Bastyr University, and her PhD in epidemiology at the University of Minnesota. Dr. Fyfe-Johnson completed a NIH T32 postdoctoral fellowship in cardiovascular disease prevention and epidemiology at the University of Minnesota, and is currently conducting a pilot study examining novel health outcomes in outdoor preschools. Generally, her current work focuses on: 1) obesity prevention in childhood and adolescence, 2) pediatric health disparities, and 3) the interface between nature and health in youth.
Joyce LeCompte | Environmental Anthropologist, UW Program on the Environment | Dr. LeCompte is an environmental anthropologist whose work focuses on the importance of cultural ecosystems to the well-being of Indigenous people and communities in Western Washington. She is the co-PI of the “Camas Prairie Cultural Ecosystems” incubator, funded by the Center for Creative Conservation. This trans-disciplinary project aims to develop a tribally driven teaching and research program that supports the well-being of tribal communities and camas prairies alike.
Sara Jo Breslow | Program Manager and Research Scientist, UW Center for Creative Conservation | Sara is an interdisciplinarian working at the intersections of sustainability and social justice, with special interests in transdisciplinary, participatory, and arts-based practices. The bulk of her research has focused on the social and cultural aspects of environmental conflict and ecosystem recovery in the Puget Sound region. Previously, Sara worked on the Western Governors’ Association’s Get Out West! initiative to promote outdoor recreation, conservation, and health, and led the development of human well-being indicators at NOAA’s Northwest Fisheries Science Center. Sara holds a PhD in environmental anthropology from the University of Washington and a BA in biology from Swarthmore College.